Aliya Summary: The High Holidays are discussed. We are commanded to hear the shofar (ram’s horn) on Rosh Hashanah, and to “afflict” ourselves on Yom Kippur.

The last Passuk (verse) in this Aliya says “… from evening to evening, you should observe your Shabbat.” From the unusual wording (evening to evening) the Gemara teaches us the concept of adding from one’s weekday to Shabbat and Chag, both at its beginning and at its end. Our practice of counting the time from sunset to stars-out is part of this commandment, as are the additional minutes on both ends of Shabbat and Yom Tov.