• Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Chamishi (5th Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: We now begin learning about the “Sin Offering,” the Chatat sacrifice, brought by an individual who is guilty of inadvertently transgressing a sin. This section discusses the unique Chatat sacrifices brought by a High Priest who sins, by the Sanhedrin (Jewish Supreme Court) who issue an erroneous ruling which causes the populace to sin, and a monarch who sins.

    From OU.org: When a leader of the people shall sin… “Asher Nasi Yecheta”. The initials of this phase spell A;NI (I, me) What is likely to lead a leader astray? Focusing on themselves and losing sight of their responsibilities to the community they lead.

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Revii (4th Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: The “Peace Offering,” the Shelamim sacrifice, is described in this Aliya. The Shelamim — which could be brought from cattle, sheep, or goats — was shared by the altar, which consumed some of the animal’s fats, the Kohanim, and the donors of the sacrifice who were given the bulk of the meat. The Aliya ends with the prohibitions against consuming blood and the specific fats which were offered on the altar. These prohibitions apply to all animals, even those not offered in the Temple.

    The element of completeness that is special to the Shelamim is that part of the offering is burned on the alter, part is given to the kohen as one of his gifts, and part is returned to the owner. “Everyone” benefits from a Shelamim.

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Shlishi (3rd Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: The Torah describes the last type of voluntary meal offerings — the deep-fried meal offering — and the mandatory barley offering, the Omer offering, brought on the second day of Passover. G‑d instructs the Jews to add salt to every animal sacrifice or meal offering, a symbol of our everlasting “salt covenant” with G‑d. We are also commanded not to include any leavened items or anything which contains honey in any Temple offering (there are two exclusions to the leaven prohibition).

    Our table is like the Alter. A famous saying with many different manifestations. We salt our HaMotzi bread because we are expected to add an element of spirituality to an otherwise very mundane act of eating. Salt is a preservative and salt does not spoil. As such, it represents an element of the eternal in this temporal world.

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Sheni (2nd Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: G‑d then teaches Moshe the laws of the fowl Olah. This Aliya then continues with a description of three types of voluntary meal offerings: unbaked flour, baked loaves, and the shallow-fried meal offering. All voluntary meal offerings also contained olive oil and frankincense.

    Until this point in Vayikra, the Torah has described four different types of voluntary offerings, each one less expensive than the one before it. The bull is most costly, sheep and goat cost less, but more than a dove. And a flour and oil offering is the least expensive. The person who brings the korban is referred to as “adam”, a human, the first time, and then with the pronoun he, him, his (she, her, hers). Only with the flour & oil offering is the donor referred to as “nefesh”, a soul. Rashi says this refers to the poor person, who is the one who would most likely bring the Mincha. It might not cost a lot, but the poor person puts his soul into his modest korban.

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Rishon (1st Aliya)

    General Overview: This week’s Torah reading, Vayikra, begins the third book of the Torah, Leviticus. Last week we completed the reading of the book of Exodus, which concluded with a description of the construction of the Tabernacle. This week’s portion will provide a description of the various sacrifices – animal, fowl, and meal-offerings – offered by the priests in this newly constructed Sanctuary.

    Aliya Summary: G‑d calls out to Moshe from the Tabernacle and teaches him the laws of the elective burnt offering, the Olah sacrifice. This aliyahdiscusses the laws of the cattle, sheep, or goat Olah. Many details of korbanot have psychological effects upon the one who brings the korban. The contact with the animal gives the korban-bringer a sober realization of the tenuousness of life (his own, not just the animal’s).

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Sheni (2nd Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: G‑d then teaches Moshe the laws of the fowl Olah. This Aliya then continues with a description of three types of voluntary meal offerings: unbaked flour, baked loaves, and the shallow-fried meal offering. All voluntary meal offerings also contained olive oil and frankincense.

    Until this point in Vayikra, the Torah has described four different types of voluntary offerings, each one less expensive than the one before it. The bull is most costly, sheep and goat cost less, but more than a dove. And a flour and oil offering is the least expensive. The person who brings the korban is referred to as “adam”, a human, the first time, and then with the pronoun he, him, his (she, her, hers). Only with the flour & oil offering is the donor referred to as “nefesh”, a soul. Rashi says this refers to the poor person, who is the one who would most likely bring the Mincha. It might not cost a lot, but the poor person puts his soul into his modest korban.

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Shvii (7th Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: This Aliya concludes the laws of the Korban Oleh Viyored. We then move on to the last sacrifice discussed in this week’s Torah reading, the “Guilt Offering,” the Asham Sacrifice. Three types of Asham Sacrifices are discussed: a) an Asham brought by one who inadvertently misappropriates Temple property. b) An Asham brought by one who falsely swears regarding money owed to another. (Aside for bringing a sacrifice, these two individuals must repay the principal amount, and pay a punitive fine equal to one fourth of the principle.) c) An Asham brought by a person who is uncertain whether he violated a Torah prohibition.

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Shishi (6th Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: The Torah discusses the fourth and final type of Chatat, that of a common person who sins. Also discussed is the Korban Oleh Viyored, a “vacillating” Sin Offering, brought by an individual guilty of certain specific sins. The Korban Oleh Viyored depended on the financial position of the transgressor — a wealthy person brought a sheep or goat, a person of lesser means brought two birds, and a pauper brought a meal offering.

    The main animal that represents the Chatat offering is a goat, the same animal whose blood was used by Yosef’s brothers to deceive their father of Yosef’s fate. Perhaps this should prove as the ultimate reminder of our faults, and how even mistakes can turn out well, if handled appropriately (i.e. learned from, trust in G-d).

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Chamishi (5th Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: We now begin learning about the “Sin Offering,” the Chatat sacrifice, brought by an individual who is guilty of inadvertently transgressing a sin. This section discusses the unique Chatat sacrifices brought by a High Priest who sins, by the Sanhedrin (Jewish Supreme Court) who issue an erroneous ruling which causes the populace to sin, and a monarch who sins.

    From OU.org: When a leader of the people shall sin… “Asher Nasi Yecheta”. The initials of this phase spell A;NI (I, me) What is likely to lead a leader astray? Focusing on themselves and losing sight of their responsibilities to the community they lead.

  • Daily Aliya for Vayikra, Revii (4th Aliya)

    Aliya Summary: The “Peace Offering,” the Shelamim sacrifice, is described in this Aliya. The Shelamim — which could be brought from cattle, sheep, or goats — was shared by the altar, which consumed some of the animal’s fats, the Kohanim, and the donors of the sacrifice who were given the bulk of the meat. The Aliya ends with the prohibitions against consuming blood and the specific fats which were offered on the altar. These prohibitions apply to all animals, even those not offered in the Temple.

    The element of completeness that is special to the Shelamim is that part of the offering is burned on the alter, part is given to the kohen as one of his gifts, and part is returned to the owner. “Everyone” benefits from a Shelamim.

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